Zeaus was the supreme entity of the pantheon in ancient Greek religion, a sky and weather god who was identical to the Roman god Jupiter. His name may be tied to the ancient Hindu sky god Dyaus from either the Rigveda. Zeus was the deity, lightning, rain, and winds, and the thunderbolt
was his usual weapon. Both gods and men referred to him as their father (i.e., ruler and keeper).
Cronus, king of something like the Giants, devoured his offspring as quickly as they were born, according to a Cretan tale subsequently borrowed by the Greeks, after learning that one of his offspring was destined to dethrone him. Rhea, his spouse, protected the young Zeus by giving Cronus a stone wrapped in swaddling blankets to swallow instead of the baby Zeus and hiding him in a mountain on Crete.
He was breastfed by Amalthaea, a nymph (or female goat), and safeguarded by the Curetes (young soldiers), who banged their blades to mask the baby’s screams. After Zeus reached adulthood, he launched a rebellion against the Giants and deposed Cronus, enlisting the help of his siblings Hades and Poseidon, with whom he split power over the earth.
Zeus, as king of olympus, rallied the gods to triumph over the Titans (offspring of Gaea and Tartarus) and put down various rebellions by his fellow gods. Heaven, as per Homer, was situated just on top of Olympus, Greece’s tallest mountain and the appropriate home for a climate deity. The other gods and goddesses of the pantheon lived there with Zeus and were ruled by him. Zeus was said to omnisciently oversee the events of men from his elevated perch atop Mount Olympus, seeing everything, ruling all of it, awarding good behavior and punishing wickedness.
The other gods and goddesses of the pantheon lived there with Zeus and were ruled by him. Zeus was said to omnisciently oversee the events of men from his elevated perch atop Mount Olympus, viewing the world, ruling everything, recognizing good behavior and penalizing evil. Zeus was the guardian of cities, the home, livestock, foreigners, tourists, and supplicants, in addition to dispensing justice—he had a close relationship with his offspring Dike (Justice).
Zeus was notorious for his passionate nature, which caused him constant conflict with his wife, Hera, and he had several sexual liaisons with human and immortal beings. Zeus regularly assumed creature forms in order to carry out his amorous schemes, such as a cuckoo when he battered Hera, a swan when he ravished Leda, or a bull when he dragged off Europa.
Apollo and Artemis, twins through the Titaness Leto; Helen and or the Dioscuri, besides Leda of Sparta; Persephone, by both the deity Demeter; Athena, conceived from his noggin when he had already ingested the Titaness Metis; Hephaestus, Hebe, Ares, and Eileithyia, by his partner Hera; Dionysus, by both the deity Semele; and others who were between many his descendants
Despite being viewed as omnipotence and the leader of the pantheon by Greek religionists all over the world, Zeus’s ubiquity tended to diminish his status in comparison to powerful local divinities like Athena and Hera. Despite the presence of statues of Zeus Herkeios (Guardian of the House) and altars of Zeus Xenios (Hospitable) in the forecourts of houses and pilgrims visiting his mountaintop holy places, Zeus did not have a temple in Athens until the late 6th century BCE, and his monastery at Olympia predated that of Hera.
Zeus was depicted in art as either a hairy, dignified, and elderly man of strong stature, with the thunderbolt and the eagle as his most prominent insignia.