Hera was the daughter of the Titans Cronus and Rhea, the sister-wife of Zeus, and the queen of the Olympian gods in ancient Greek mythology. The Romans compared her to Juno, their own goddess. Hera was revered across Greece and featured prominently in Greek literature, most notably as Zeus’s envious and spiteful wife, pursuing the heroines he adored with vengeance. Hera was thought to be Zeus’ sole legal wife from the beginning; she quickly surpassed Dione, who shared with him his old shrine at Dodona in Epirus.
Hera has been revered in 2 key roles: (1) as Zeus’ spouse and queen of the heavens, and (2) as goddess of marriage and women’s lives. At rgos and Athens, she was known as Eileithyia, the birth goddess, because of her role in the second sphere as a protector of women giving birth. Hera, on the other hand, was more than just mother of god and marriage goddess at rgos and Sámos. She was benefactor of various cities, giving her a prominence comparable to Athena’s in Athens.
Despite the fact that her Argive rite was primarily agricultural, she had a Shield celebration there, as well as an armed procession in her honor at Sámos. The scope of functions given to a Greek state’s patron deity led to this conception: a city goddess must be in charge in both peace and war. Hera held the cow in particular reverence. Her sacred bird was the cuckoo at first, then the peacock later. She was portrayed as a magnificent and austere matron, despite her youth.